As far as we are aware, Biosphere Expeditions is the only organisation in the world that has a direct and transparent link between the work done by citizen scientists and an expedition report. Each expedition year is matched by an expedition report for that year, which deals with the two main areas that expedition participants contribute to: funding and data collection. Chapter 1 of each report, written by Biosphere Expeditions, reviews the expedition logistics and publishes an expedition budget, which shows in a clear and transparent way income and expenditure for each expedition and the percentage of income spent on the project. Chapter 2 onwards, written by the expedition scientist, shows who collected what data, how they were analysed, what the conclusions were, as well as the conservation recommendations and actions flowing from this, and what future expeditions should do. In this way, each expedition comes full circle for its participants.

Please note that publication usually takes six months to one year from the expedition's return date.

pdf Altai 2003 (snow leopard) 880.00 Kb
pdf Altai 2004 (snow leopard) 2.04 Mb
pdf Altai 2005 (snow leopard) 1.82 Mb
pdf Altai 2006 (snow leopard) 2.84 Mb
pdf Altai 2007 (snow leopard) 3.75 Mb
pdf Altai 2008 (snow leopard) 2.52 Mb
pdf Altai 2009 (snow leopard) 5.80 Mb
pdf Altai 2010 (snow leopard) 2.05 Mb
pdf Altai 2011 (snow leopard) 2.21 Mb

pdf Amazonia 2001 (macaws & biodiversity) 1.00 Mb
pdf Amazonia 2002 (macaws & biodiversity) 407.50 Kb
pdf Amazonia 2003 (macaws & biodiversity) 426.13 Kb
pdf Amazonia 2005 (macaws & biodiversity) 2.07 Mb
pdf Amazonia 2006 (macaws & biodiversity) 1.75 Mb
pdf Amazonia 2008 (macaws & biodiversity) 3.60 Mb
pdf Amazonia 2009 (macaws & biodiversity) 4.94 Mb
pdf Amazonia 2011 (primates, cats & biodiversity) 4.71 Mb
pdf Amazonia 2012 (primates, cats & biodiversity) 3.11 Mb
pdf Amazonia 2013 (primates, cats & biodiversity) 1.95 Mb
pdf Amazonia 2014 (primates, cats & biodiversity) 1.19 Mb
pdf Amazonia 2015 (primates, cats & biodiversity) 2.50 Mb
pdf Amazonia 2016 (primates, cats, parrots & biodiversity) 3.23 Mb

pdf Arabia 2012 (Arabian oryx, Gordon's wildcat et al.) 2.17 Mb
pdf Arabia 2013 (Arabian oryx, Gordon's wildcat et al.) 4.00 Mb
pdf Arabia 2014 (Arabian oryx, Gordon's wildcat et al.) 8.30 Mb
pdf Arabia 2015 (Arabian oryx, Gordon's wildcat et al.) 9.98 Mb
pdf Arabia 2016 (Arabian oryx, Gordon's wildcat et al.) 3.83 Mb
pdf Arabia 2017 (Arabian oryx, Gordon's wildcat et al.) 6.43 Mb
pdf Arabia 2018 (Arabian oryx, Gordon's wildcat et al.) 6.48 Mb

pdf Azores 2004 (whales & dolphins) 313.16 Kb
pdf Azores 2005 (whales & dolphins) 1.84 Mb
pdf Azores 2006 (whales & dolphins) 2.54 Mb
pdf Azores 2007 (whales & dolphins) 1.67 Mb
pdf Azores 2008 (whales & dolphins) 3.35 Mb
pdf Azores 2009 (whales & dolphins) 1.27 Mb
pdf Azores 2010 (whales & dolphins) 3.39 Mb
pdf Azores 2011 (whales & dolphins) 2.51 Mb
pdf Azores 2012 (whales & dolphins) 4.32 Mb
pdf Azores 2013 (whales & dolphins) 2.39 Mb
pdf Azores 2014 (whales & dolphins) 3.60 Mb
pdf Azores 2015 (whales & dolphins) 4.99 Mb
pdf Azores 2016 (whales & dolphins) 6.53 Mb
pdf Azores 2018 (whales & dolphins) 7.03 Mb

pdf Azores 2019 (whales & dolphins) 9.08 Mb

pdf Brazil 2006 (jaguar & puma) 3.51 Mb
pdf Brazil 2007 (jaguar & puma) 5.50 Mb
pdf Brazil 2008 (jaguar & puma) 5.12 Mb
pdf Brazil 2010 (jaguar & puma) 4.05 Mb
pdf Brazil 2011 (jaguar & puma) 4.47 Mb

pdf Caprivi 2008 (human/predator conflict) 1.68 Mb

pdf Costa Rica 2016 (sea turtles) 2.69 Mb 
pdf Costa Rica 2017 (sea turtles) 1.86 Mb 
pdf Costa Rica 2018 (sea turtles) 3.34 Mb
pdf Costa Rica 2019 (sea turtles) 2.53 Mb

pdf Germany 2017 (wolf) 14.60 Mb
pdf Germany 2018 (wolf) 17.30 Mb

pdf Germany 2019 (wolf) 4.42 Mb

pdf Honduras 2006 (coral reef) 941.79 Kb
pdf Honduras 2007 (coral reef) 2.09 Mb
pdf Honduras 2008 (coral reef) 3.35 Mb
pdf Honduras 2009 (coral reef) 4.64 Mb
pdf Honduras 2011 (coral reef) 5.44 Mb

pdf Kenya 2019 (African biodiversity) 4.81 Mb

pdf Malawi 2018 (African biodiversity) 14.38 Mb

pdf Malaysia 2012 (coral reef) 2.78 Mb
pdf Malaysia 2013 (coral reef) 2.54 Mb
pdf Malaysia 2016 (coral reef) 5.28 Mb

pdf Maldives 2011 (coral reef & whale shark) 3.17 Mb
pdf Maldives 2012 (coral reef & whale shark) 5.64 Mb
pdf Maldives 2013 (coral reef & whale shark) 3.95 Mb

pdf Maldives 2014 (coral reef & whale shark) 8.79 Mb
pdf Maldives 2015 (coral reef & whale shark) 12.31 Mb
pdf Maldives 2016 (coral reef & whale shark) 4.33 Mb
pdfMaldives 2017 (coral reef & whale shark) 5.71 Mb
pdfMaldives 2018 (coral reef & whale shark) 10.91 Mb 

pdf Musandam 2009 (coral reef) 1.38 Mb
pdf Musandam 2010 (coral reef) 1.26 Mb
pdf Musandam 2011 (coral reef) 1.21 Mb
pdf Musandam 2012 (coral reef) 1.28 Mb
pdf Musandam 2013 (coral reef) 6.98 Mb

pdf Musandam 2014 (coral reef) 8.40 Mb
pdf Musandam 2015 (coral reef) 4.32 Mb
pdf Musandam 2016 (coral reef) 4.67 Mb

pdf Namibia 2002 (big cats) 622.72 Kb
pdf Namibia 2003 (big cats) 397.41 Kb
pdf Namibia 2004 (big cats) 986.44 Kb
pdf Namibia 2005 spring (big cats) 1.56 Mb
pdf Namibia 2005 autumn (big cats) & 2006 7.43 Mb
pdf Namibia 2007 (big cats) 10.80 Mb
pdf Namibia (Caprivi) 2008 (human/predator conflict) 1.68 Mb
pdf Namibia 2010/2011 (big cats) 13.82 Mb
pdf Namibia 2012 (big cats & elephants) 11.00 Mb
pdf Namibia 2013 (big cats & elephants) 7.52 Mb
pdf Namibia 2014 (leopard) 4.22 Mb

pdf Oman 2006 & 2007 (Arabian leopard) 2.44 Mb
pdf Oman 2008 (Arabian leopard) 5.00 Mb

pdf Oman 2009 & 2010 (Arabian leopard) 2.66 Mb
pdf Oman 2011 (Arabian leopard) 3.48 Mb

pdf Poland 2000 & 2001 (wolves) 429.82 Kb

pdf Scotland 2013 (cetaceans) 2.51 Mb

pdf Slovakia 2004 (chamois, wolf, bear) 1.45 Mb
pdf Slovakia 2005 & 2006 (chamois, wolf, bear) 3.44 Mb
pdf Slovakia 2010 (lynx & wolf) 1.23 Mb

pdf Slovakia 2012 (lynx & wolf) 10.23 Mb
pdf Slovakia 2013 (lynx, bear, wolf & wildcat) 4.11 Mb
pdf Slovakia 2014 (lynx, bear, wolf & wildcat) 18.41 Mb
pdf Slovakia 2015 (lynx, bear, wolf & wildcat) 12.64 Mb

pdf Slovakia 2016 (lynx, bear, wolf & wildcat) 19.74 Mb

pdf South Africa 2015 (leopard, caracal et al.) 3.52 Mb
pdf South Africa 2016 (leopard, tortoises, bats, birds et al.) 10.20 Mb
pdf South Africa 2017 (leopard, other mammals, honeybush) 7.09 Mb

pdf Spain 2008 (lammergeier) 2.73 Mb

pdf Sri Lanka 2005 (elephant) 3.39 Mb

pdf Sumatra 2015 (tiger) 5.40 Mb
pdf Sumatra 2016 (tiger) 6.21 Mb

pdf Sweden 2019 (bear) 7.83 Mb

pdf Thailand 2017 (elephant) 2.80 Mb 
pdf Thailand 2018 (elephant) 6.72 Mb  

pdf Tien Shan 2014 (snow leopard) 6.82 Mb
pdf Tien Shan 2015 (snow leopard) 17.11 Mb
pdf Tien Shan 2016 (snow leopard) 13.00 Mb
pdf Tien Shan 2017 (snow leopard) 24.39 Mb     
pdf Tien Shan 2018 (snow leopard) 23.88 Mb  

pdf Ukraine 2001 (wolves & migratory birds) 1.24 Mb
pdf Ukraine 2002 (wolves & migratory birds) 2.42 Mb
pdf Ukraine 2003 (wolves & migratory birds) 1.44 Mb

pdf Western Australia 2010 (flatback turtle) 3.27 Mb
pdf Western Australia 2011 (flatback turtle) 1.71 Mb

pdf Alves, F., Alessandrini, A., Servidio, A., Mendonça, A., Hartman, K., Prieto, R., Berrow, S., Magalhães, S., Steiner, L., Santos, R., Ferreira, R., Pérez, J., Ritter, F., Dinis, A., Martín, V., Silva, M., de Soto, N. (2019) Complex biogeographical patterns support an ecological connectivity network of a large marine predator in the north- east Atlantic. Diversity and Distributions 25: 269–284. 813.50 Kb 

pdf Bento, R. Burt, J., Feary, D. and Hammer, M. (2012) Benthic communities of Musandam Peninsula. Poster presented at Coral Reefs of the Gulf Conference, New York University in Abu Dhabi, 17 - 19 Jan 2012. 361.40 Kb 

pdf Bento, R., Hoey, A., Bauman, A., Feary, D. and Burt, J. (2016) The implications of recurrent disturbances within the world's hottest coral reef. Marine Pollution Bulletin 105: 466–472. 382.60 Kb 

pdf Bento, R., Feary, D., Hoey, A. and Burt, J. (2017) Settlement patterns of corals and other benthos on reefs with divergent environments and disturbances histories around the northeastern Arabian Peninsula. Frontiers in Marine Science 305 (4): 1-12. 1.58 Mb

pdf Boys, R., Oliveira, C., Perez-Jorge, S., Prieto, R., Steiner, L. Silva, M. (2019) Multi-state open robust design applied to opportunistic data reveals dynamics of wide-ranging taxa: the sperm whale case. Ecosphere 10(3): 1-19. 1.02 Mb 

pdf Chevallard, P., Prieto, R., Steiner, L., Hartman, K., Silva, M. (2016) Differences in Azorean habitat use by three migrating mysticete species: a photo-ID study. Poster presented at the European Cetacean Society Conference, Madeira, March, 2016. 2.13 Mb 

pdf Cowburn, B., Moritz, M., Grimsditch, G. and Solandt, J.-L. (2019) Evidence of coral bleaching avoidance, resistance and recovery in the Maldives during the 2016 mass-bleaching event. Marine Ecology Progress Series 626: 53–67. 5.14 Mb 

pdf Cucuzza, M., Hartman, K., Olio, M., Santos, R., Steiner, L., Stevick, P., van der Linde, M., Villa, E. (2015) The Azores constitute a migratory stopover for humpback whales in the North Atlantic Ocean. Poster presented at the Society for Marine Mammalogy Conference, San Francisco, 2015. 3.04 Mb

pdf Hermann, L., DeKastle, A., and Foggin, M. (2020). The Rock Art of the Karakol Region (Tchouï and Naryn Oblast) in Kyrgyzstan. International Newsletter On Rock Art (INORA), 86: 17-25. 1.62 Mb

pdf Hikmani, H., Zaabanoot, N. and Zaabanoot, A. (2015) Camera trapping of Arabian leopard in the Neid region of Dhofar Mountains. Cat News 62: 32. 1.77 Mb

pdf Kostiushyn, V.A., Andrienko, T.L., Melnichuk, V.P. (2008) Overview of biodiversity monitoring programmes in Ukraine. Kyiv: National Ecological Centre of Ukraine, 2008, 54. 898.34 Kb

pdf Lee, A. (2017) Sentinel behavior or vigilance at macaw claylick? Ornithologia Neotropical 28: 253–260. 612.14 Kb

pdf Lee, A., Brightsmith, D., Vargas, P., Leon., K., Mejia, A., Marsden, S. (2014) Diet and geophagy across a Western Amazonian parrot assemblage. Biotropica 46(3): 322-330. 230.64 Kb

pdf Lee, A., Marsden, S., Tatum‐Hume, E., Brightsmith, D. (2017) The effects of tourist and boat traffic on parrot geophagy in lowland Peru. Biotropica 49: 716-725. 492.44 Kb

pdf Lee, A., Marsden, S. (2012) The influence of habitat, season, and detectability on abundance estimates across an Amazonian parrot assemblage. Biotropica 44(4): 537-544. 154.54 Kb 

pdf Lee, A., Macray, M. (2017) The shocking truth about electric fences. Grassroots 17(4): 22-23. 2.11 Mb 

pdf Lee, A., Wright, D., Reeves, B. (2017) Habitat variables associated with encounters of Hottentot Buttonquail Turnix hottentottus during flush surveys across the Fynbos biome, Ostrich, DOI: 10.2989/00306525.2017.1343209. 2.36 Mb

pdf Lee, A., Reeves, B., Wright, D. (2018) Hottentot Buttonquail Turnix hottentottus: Endangered or just overlooked?, Bird Conservation International. Cambridge University Press, pp. 1–8. DOI: 10.1017/S0959270918000059. 3.73 Mb

Machete, M. (2014) POPA - Fisheries Observer Program of the Azores: Sea bird sightings in the Azores between 2004 and 2013 recorded by Biosphere Expeditions.

pdf Macray, M. (2017) Tortoise mortalities along fences in the southeastern Karoo, South Africa. MSc thesis, FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, University of Cape Town, South Africa. 5.24 Mb 

pdf Matthews, J.N., Steiner, L., Gordon, J. (2001) Mark-recapture analysis of sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) photo-id data from the Azores (1987-1995). Journal of Cetecean resource Management 3(3): 219–226. 211.59 Kb

pdf Mazzolli, M. (2007) Projecto Puma: Studying and conserving puma and jaguar in Brazil. Wild Felid Monitor, Winter 2007-2008, Issue 1, Volume 1, 15. 137.13 Kb

pdf Mazzolli, M. (2008) Loss of historical range of jaguars in southern Brazil. Biodiversity and Conservation 18(6): 1715-1717.  900.62 Kb

pdf Mazzolli, M. (2009) Volunteer expeditions support felid research projects. CatNews 50: 18-19. 109.86 Kb 

pdf Mazzolli, M. (2009) Arabian leopard, Panthera pardus nimr, status and habitat assessment in northwest Dhofar, Sultanate of Oman (Mammalia: Felidae). Zoology in the Middle East 47: 3-12. 1.16 Mb

pdf Mazzolli, M., Haag, T., Lipppert, Eizirik, E., Hammer, M., Hikmani, K. (2016) Multiple methods increase detection of large and medium-sized mammals: working with volunteers in south-eastern Oman. Oryx, available on CJO2016. doi:10.1017/S0030605315001003. 275.64 Kb

pdf Mazzolli, M., Hammer, M. (2008) Environmental quality for jaguars, pumas, and ocelots in the Guaratuba Bay, State of Paraná, using programs Capture and Presence. Biotemas 21(2): 105 – 117. 291.74 Kb

pdf Mazzolli, M., Hammer, M. (2013) Sampling and analysis of data for large terrestrial mammals during short-term volunteer expeditions. 1.22 Mb 

pdf Schutte, P., M., Hammer, M. (2018) Monitoring wolves (Canis lupus lupus) - citizen science provides important results. Poster presented at conference "Pathways - Human dimensions of fisheries and wildlife", Goslar, Germany, September 2018. 560 Kb 

pdf Sears, R, Santos, R., Silva, M., Steiner, L., Vikingson, G. and Ramp, C. (2015) Comparison of the Northwest Atlantic-NWA and Northeast Atlantic-NEA blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) photo-identification catalogues. Poster presented at the Society for Marine Mammalogy Conference, San Francisco, 2015. 5.22 Mb 

pdf Shrives, J. (2009) Investigating Riverine Impact upon the Coral Reefs of Los Cayos Cochinos, Honduras. D.Phil. thesis, Oxford University. 13.14 Mb

pdf Solandt, J.-L. et al. (2017) Through all the gloom, signs of resilience in Maldives reefs. Presentation delivered at the European Coral Reef Symposium, 13-15 December 2017, University of Oxford, UK.  3.46 Mb

pdf Solandt, J.-L., Zahir, H., Hammer, M. and Hashim, S. (2016) Bleaching patterns and capacity building for Maldives conservationists during Reef Check expeditions. In: Ekanayake, E. (editor). Proceedings of the Rufford in country conference Sri Lanka. 54p.

pdf Smietana, W. (2005) Selectivity of wolf predation on red deer in the Bieszczady Mountains, Poland. Acta Theriologica 50(2): 277-288. 429.82 Kb

Spalton, A. and Hikmani, H. (2014) The Arabian leopards of Oman. Stacey International, ISBN-10: 1909022349.ISBN-10: 1909022349. 

pdf Steiner, S., Estrela, G., Hartman, K., van der Linde, M. (2019) First insights into the ecology of false killer whales observed in the Azores. Poster presented at the World Marine Mammal Conference, Barcelona, 2019. 2.75Mb 

pdf Steiner, L., Perez, M., van der Linde, M., Freitas, L., Santos, R., Martins, V., Gordon, J. (2015) Long distance movements of female/immature sperm whales in the North Atlantic. Poster presented at the Society for Marine Mammalogy Conference, San Francisco, 2015.1.77Mb 

pdf Steiner, L., Lamoni, L., Acosta-Plata, M., Jensen, S-K., Lettevall, E. and Gordon, J. (2012) A link between male sperm whales, Physeter macrocephalus, of the Azores and Norway. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 92: 1751–1756. 278 Kb

pdf Steiner, L., L. Lamoni, M. Acosta Plata, T. Lewis, C. Beer, J. Gordan, L. Pettersson, M. Domingo, E. Lettevall, S.-K. Jensen (2009) Long distance movement of sperm whales, Physeter macrocephalus, in the North Atlantic: including new matches between the Azores and Norway. Poster presented at the Society for Marine Mammalogy Conference, Quebec City, 2009. 2.17 Mb

pdf Tobias, J.A., Brightsmith, D.J. (2007) Distribution, ecology and conservation status of the blue-headed Macaw Primolius couloni. Biological Conservation 139: 126-138.  260.75 Kb

pdf Tytar, V. (2009) Monitoring studies of the bird fauna in the Talduair massif in the Russian Altai. Animal Wildlife in Mountainous Areas. Moscow: KMK Scientific Publishers, pp.484-488. 299.10 Kb

pdf Tytar, V., Asykulov, T., Hammer, M. (2019) Using species distribution modelling to guide survey efforts of the snow leopard (Panthera unica) in the central Kyrgyz Ala-Too region. Theriologia Ukrainica 17: 112–118. 930.10 Kb

pdf Tytar, V., Hammer, M., Tolkunbek, A. (2019) Distribution modeling of the long-tailed marmot (Marmota caudata) for objectives of directing field surveys and ground validation of snow leopard (Panthera unica) habitat quality. Theriologia Ukrainica 18: 101–107. 3.97 MB

pdf Titar, V., McGregor, T., Hammer, M. (2007) Monitoring of the snow leopard (Uncia uncia Schreber, 1775) in the Talduair massif in the Altai.  3.19 Mb

pdf Tytar, V., Hammer, M. (2004) Monitoring wolf (Canis lupus L.) in the Kinburnska kosa regional landscape park. Uchenye zapiski Tavricheskogo Natsionalnogo Universiteta im. V.I. Vernadskogo. Series “Biology, Chemistry” 17(56)(No. 2): 160–170. 147.19 Kb 

pdf Widodo, F., Hanny S., Utomo E., Zulfahmi, Z., Kusdianto, K., Septayuda, E., Tugio, Panjaitan, E., Subali, L., Suprianto, A., Parakkasi, K., Fadhli, N., Sukmantoro, W., Budianti, I., Sunarto, S. (2017) Tigers and Their Prey in Bukit Rimbang Bukit Baling: Abundance Baseline for Effective Wildlife Reserve Management. Journal of Forest Science (Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan) (11) 118-129. 984.29 Kb

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